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Review: ultra-short screening tests are not highly accurate for detecting depression in primary care

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 Q Do ultra-short screening instruments accurately detect depression in primary care?

METHODS

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Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (all to June 2006); Science Direct; Ingenta Select; Ovid Full Text; Wiley Interscience; and Web of Knowledge.

Embedded ImageStudy selection and assessment:

primary studies assessing the diagnostic validity of ultra-short depression screening instruments (ie, those with 1–4 items, taking <2 min to complete) in primary care patients. Studies of visual analogue scales and those that did not comply with the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) were excluded. 22 analyses met the inclusion criteria. In 8 studies, the gold standard was …

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