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Evid Based Nurs 10:112 doi:10.1136/ebn.10.4.112
  • Treatment

Review: colorectal cancer screening with the faecal occult blood test reduced colorectal cancer mortality


 
 Q Does using the faecal occult blood test to screen for colorectal cancer reduce colorectal cancer mortality?

METHODS

GraphicData sources:

Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, PsycINFO, AMED, SIGLE, HMIC, and Cochrane Library (to Feb 2006); reference lists; and study investigators.

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared screening for colorectal cancer in adults using repeated faecal occult blood tests (guiac or immunochemical) with no screening. 4 RCTs were included (age 45–75 y, length of follow-up 8.5–18.4 y). Quality of study methods was assessed for randomisation procedures, blinding, and follow-up.

GraphicOutcomes:

colorectal cancer mortality. Secondary outcomes included colorectal cancer stage, compliance, and all-cause mortality.

MAIN RESULTS

Colorectal cancer …

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