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Evid Based Nurs 10:81 doi:10.1136/ebn.10.3.81
  • Treatment

Oral nutritional supplements during acute illness and recovery reduced non-elective hospital readmissions in older patients


 
 Q Does nutritional support during acute illness and recovery improve clinical outcome in older patients?

METHODS

GraphicDesign:

randomised placebo controlled trial.

GraphicAllocation:

concealed.

GraphicBlinding:

blinded (patients, healthcare providers, {data collectors, outcome assessors,}* and data analysts).

GraphicFollow up period:

6 months.

GraphicSetting:

{a hospital in South Yorkshire, UK}.*

GraphicPatients:

445 patients ⩾65 years of age (mean age 77 y, 53% men) who were admitted to hospital and able to swallow. Exclusion criteria were gastric surgery, malabsorption or morbid obesity (body mass index >40), coma, severe dementia (Abbreviated Mental Test Score <6), malignancy, current receipt of supplements, or residence in an institution.

GraphicIntervention:

usual hospital diet plus daily oral nutritional supplements, 200 ml twice daily, which provided 995 kcal …

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