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Review: distraction, hypnosis, and combined cognitive-behavioural interventions reduce needle related pain and distress in children and adolescents

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 Q In children and adolescents, do cognitive-behavioural psychological interventions reduce pain and distress associated with needle related procedures?

METHODS

Embedded ImageData sources:

Medline, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Dissertation Abstracts International (all up to 2005); Cochrane Library (Issue 4, 2005); bibliographies of relevant studies; and researchers.

Embedded ImageStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that had ⩾5 participants per group and compared cognitive and behavioural psychological interventions with a control or comparison condition in children or adolescents 2–19 years of age who were healthy (or had chronic or transitory illnesses) and were receiving needle related medical procedures. Studies of dental or other surgeries, body piercings or tattoos, or of patients with known needle phobias were excluded. 28 studies …

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