Evid Based Nurs 10:75 doi:10.1136/ebn.10.3.75
  • Treatment

Review: distraction, hypnosis, and combined cognitive-behavioural interventions reduce needle related pain and distress in children and adolescents

 Q In children and adolescents, do cognitive-behavioural psychological interventions reduce pain and distress associated with needle related procedures?


GraphicData sources:

Medline, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Dissertation Abstracts International (all up to 2005); Cochrane Library (Issue 4, 2005); bibliographies of relevant studies; and researchers.

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that had ⩾5 participants per group and compared cognitive and behavioural psychological interventions with a control or comparison condition in children or adolescents 2–19 years of age who were healthy (or had chronic or transitory illnesses) and were receiving needle related medical procedures. Studies of dental or other surgeries, body piercings or tattoos, or of patients with known needle phobias were excluded. 28 studies …

No Related Web Pages

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article