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Evid Based Nurs 10:50 doi:10.1136/ebn.10.2.50
  • Treatment

A hospital based violence prevention intervention reduced hospital recidivism for violent injury and arrests for violent crimes


 
 Q In victims of violence who are on parole or probation, can a hospital based violence prevention intervention reduce hospital recidivism for violent injury and arrests for violent crimes?

METHODS

GraphicDesign:

randomised controlled trial.

GraphicAllocation:

unclear allocation concealment.

GraphicBlinding:

unblinded.

GraphicFollow up period:

median 1–2 years.

GraphicSetting:

hospital trauma centre in Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

GraphicPatients:

100 patients ⩾18 years of age (median age <30 y, 96% men) who were admitted to hospital for an injury related to a violent assault for at least the second time and were on parole or probation in the criminal justice system.

GraphicIntervention:

56 patients were allocated to the Violence Intervention Programme (VIP), which involved meetings with a social or case worker at least every 2 weeks to devise and implement a service plan (including, as appropriate, substance abuse rehabilitation, employment training …

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