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Evid Based Nurs 10:47 doi:10.1136/ebn.10.2.47
  • Treatment

A life skills intervention improved psychosocial adjustment in children with cystic fibrosis


 
 Q In children with cystic fibrosis (CF), does a life skills intervention improve psychosocial adjustment, functional health status, and physiological status over time more than usual care?

METHODS

GraphicDesign:

randomised controlled trial.

GraphicAllocation:

{unconcealed}.*

GraphicBlinding:

blinded (healthcare providers and outcome assessors).

GraphicFollow up period:

9 months.

GraphicSetting:

4 university based CF centres in North Carolina, USA.

GraphicPatients:

116 children 8 to 11.25 years of age (mean age 9 y, 51% boys) with CF. Most children had mild CF.

GraphicIntervention:

Building CF Life Skills, an educational problem solving and social skills intervention (n = 58), or usual care (n = 58). The intervention consisted of a home visit to assess each child’s knowledge of CF and daily management of the disease and to provide information about CF and its treatment. About 2 weeks later, children participated in a …

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