Review: patient education and counselling increase preventive behaviours
Questions Do patient education and counselling increase preventive behaviours in healthy adults? Which approaches lead to the largest effects?
Studies were identified using Medline, Healthline, Dissertation Abstracts, and PsycINFO; bibliographies of review papers; and contact with experts in the field.
Published and unpublished studies were selected if they measured the effect of counselling or patient education on a preventive health behaviour, studied healthy patients seen in clinical settings in a developed country, used a control group, had ≥60% follow up, had ≥15 participants in each group at the end of the testing period, reported sufficient data to calculate an effect size, and used intention to treat analysis. Studies were excluded if they tested medication interventions for behaviour change or included patients who had special learning needs or a specific disease.
Data were extracted on the characteristics of the intervention, the type of behaviour addressed, and …