|Managing the flow of information||Seeking, processing, and sharing information about the illness and the family's response.|
|Reorganising roles||Minimal to dramatic changes in family roles, but usually a shift for 1 parent to take on the additional demands caused by the illness (eg, rearranging work schedules, child care, and household responsibilities).|
|Evaluating and shifting priorities||A process of asking what are our important values? and comparing actions with these values; when dissonance was found, behaviours were changed. Families talked about feeling closer, valuing time together, and appreciating small things.|
|Changing future orientation||A shift in the time frame for the child's and family's goals from the distant future (eg, college plans) to the immediate future (ie, next few days or weeks).|
|Assigning meaning to the illness||A process of understanding the illness in terms of family members' explanations of the world (eg, how illness relates to spiritual beliefs, and positive and negative aspects of the illness experience).|
|Managing the therapeutic regimen||Family members meet the demands of the illness by performing caregiving tasks (eg, giving medications, managing treatment side effects, and making alternative arrangements for employment and household chores).|
Families with children diagnosed with cancer used various strategies to create a new normal routine
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