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Evid Based Nurs 1:89 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.3.89
  • Causation

Emotional support and mastery were associated with decreased mortality in older people

Multivariate predictors of morality in older people

Study variable Odds ratio (95% CI)
Decreased risk of mortality
Emotional support—moderate 0.47 0.32 to 0.70
Emotional support—high 0.67 0.47 to 0.98
Stroke 0.51 0.26 to 0.98
Sex (women) 0.64 0.45 to 0.90
Mastery 0.93 0.89 to 0.98
Increased risk of mortality
Loneliness 1.06 1.00 to 1.12
Age (55–85 y) 1.07 1.06 to 1.08
Cardiac disease 1.46 1.06 to 2.00
Lung disease 1.56 1.09 to 2.24
Cancer 1.71 1.13 to 2.58
High instrumental support 1.87 1.21 to 2.88
Diabetes mellitus 2.39 1.63 to 3.52

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