Evid Based Nurs 1:86 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.3.86
  • Causation

Review: parental tobacco smoke increases the risk of asthma and respiratory symptoms in school age children

 Question In school age children, is exposure to parental (environmental) tobacco smoke associated with an increased risk of asthma and respiratory symptoms?

Data sources

Studies were identified with Medline and Embase searched to April 1997 using the terms tobacco smoke pollution; passive, second hand, involuntary, parent, maternal, mother, paternal, father or household; and smok—with various endings, tobacco or cigarette. Bibliographies of relevant studies were also reviewed.

Study selection

Studies were selected if they evaluated school age children (5–16 y) and both exposure to parental tobacco smoke and respiratory symptoms or asthma were assessed.

Data extraction

Data were extracted on year of publication, country of study, population characteristics including age, symptoms (asthma, wheeze, chronic cough, chronic phlegm, and breathlessness), symptom definitions, exposures (1 parent, both parents, and mother or …

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article