Evid Based Nurs 1:48 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.2.48
  • Treatment

Calcium and vitamin D reduced non-vertebral fractures and bone loss in the elderly


To assess the effectiveness of combined oral calcium and vitamin D supplementation in reducing non-vertebral fractures and bone loss in elderly people living in the community.


3 year randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial.


Community based study in the USA.


445 healthy people living in the community who were ≥65 years of age (55% women) were enrolled and 389 (mean age 71 y) were included in the intention to treat analysis. Exclusion criteria were current cancer or hyperparathyroidism; a kidney stone in the past 5 years; renal disease; bilateral hip surgery; bisphosphonate, calcitonin, oestrogen, tamoxifen, or testosterone use in the past 6 months; fluoride use in the past 2 years; low femoral neck bone mineral density; dietary calcium intake exceeding 1500 mg per day; and laboratory evidence of …

No Related Web Pages

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article