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Evid Based Nurs 1:46 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.2.46
  • Treatment

A comprehensive smoking cessation programme after surgery increased 1 year quit rates

Objective

To determine whether a multicomponent smoking cessation programme given to adults in hospital for non-cardiac surgery will increase long term quit rates.

Design

Randomised controlled trial with 12 month follow up.

Setting

A Veterans Affairs hospital in California, USA.

Patients

324 adults (mean age 54 y, 68% white, 98% men) in hospital for a minimum of 2 days for non-cardiac surgery. Adults were included if they smoked (defined as any amount of tobacco used within 2 wks of hospital admission) and were ready to quit smoking (in the contemplation or action stage of quitting described in the Stages of Change Theory). Exclusion criteria were terminal illness and contraindications to nicotine replacement therapy. The intention to treat analysis included the 299 adults who were alive at study end.

Intervention

Interventions were given on the weekday closest to the projected hospital discharge date. 168 …

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