|Type of intervention||Target population||Improved outcomes|
|Health education in schools|
|Focus: self management, parent involvement, self efficacy||Children (8–11 y) with asthma||Self management, self efficacy, child's influence on parents|
|Focus: illness mechanisms, relaxation training, contingency coping exercises||Children (6–14 y) with asthma and their parents||Behaviour|
|Focus: peer learning, knowledge of illness, decision making, parent support||Children (7–14 y) with epilepsy||Self competence|
|Focus: acknowledge loss of normal child, family functioning assessment, decision making, social support||Children (7–14 y) with epilepsy and their families||Anxiety|
|Focus: social skills, cognitive problem solving, assertiveness training, how to handle teasing||Children (5–13 y) with cancer and their parents||Behaviour, social support, social competence|
|Focus: parent counselling, crisis intervention, disease management, coping skills||Families of children (4–16 y) with mixed diagnoses||Adjustment|
|Home care programme|
|Focus: health education, coordination of care, family responsibility for management and decision making, support, advocacy||Children (0–10 y) with mixed diagnoses and their families||Adjustment, personal adjustment and role skills, psychiatric symptoms, maternal satisfaction|
Review: some psychosocial interventions can help children and families cope with chronic conditions
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