Evid Based Nurs 1:7-8 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.1.7

Closing the gap between nursing research and practice

Table 2

Implementation strategies for different needs*

Implementation strategies Improve knowledge/ attitudes Improve skills Change practice
*Adapted from Davis and Thomson.25 + = improvement based on evidence from randomised controlled trials; ? = evidence is unclear or unavailable; − = no improvement based on evidence from randomised controlled trials.
Educational outreach visits + ? +
Workshops with interaction + + +
Reminders + ? +
Social marketing + ? +
Multifaceted approaches + ? +
Opinion leaders + ? +/−
Patient mediated strategies ? +/−
Audit and feedback + ? +/−
Educational materials + ?
Didactic conferences +
Local consensus process + ?

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