|Consistently effective strategies||Strategies with mixed effects||Strategies having little or no effect|
|*Adapted from Bero L, Grilli R, Grimshaw JM, et al.14 Reproduced with permission.|
|Education outreach visits (for prescribing)||Audit and feedback||Educational materials|
|Use of a trained person who meets with professionals in their practice settings to provide information with the intent of improving practice.||Any written or verbal summary of clinical performance of health care professional over a specified period of time. The summary may also include recommendation for clinical action.||Distribution of published or printed recommendations for clinical care, including clinical practice guidelines, audiovisual materials, and electronic publications.|
|Reminders||Local opinion leaders||Didactic educational meetings|
|Any intervention, manual or computerised, that prompts professionals to perform a clinical action.||Use of providers nominated by their colleagues as “educationally influential”.||Lectures.|
|Multifaceted interventions||Local consensus process|
|A combination that includes two or more of: audit and feedback, reminders, local consensus processes, patient mediated interventions.||Inclusion of participating professionals in discussion to ensure that they agreed that the chosen clinical problem was important and the approach to managing the problem was appropriate.|
|Interactive educational meetings||Patient mediated interventions|
|Participation of professionals in workshops that include discussion.||Any intervention aimed at changing the performance of professionals where specific information was sought from, or given to, patients.|
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