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Evid Based Nurs 1:31 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.1.31
  • Qualitative

Commonalities were found in meanings, situations, and life experiences of women who survived breast cancer

Objective

To describe the experience of adult women who survive diagnosis and treatment of localised breast cancer without recurrence for at least 3 years.

Design

Multicase, comparative situational analysis using Schutz's interpretation of phenomenology as the theoretical framework.

Setting

Rural, suburban, and urban areas of northeast Connecticut, USA.

Patients

45 white women who survived breast cancer for at least 3 years with no evidence of recurrence or metastases. Age at diagnosis ranged from 29–75 years, and years of survival since diagnosis ranged from 3–31. 20 women were diagnosed before the age of 50 and 6 before the age of 40. More than half the women with mastectomies had bilateral breast cancers.

Methods

An in depth interview and a follow up interview were done with each participant in her home. A dialectic was formed in which emic (one person's perception of the experience) description was juxtaposed with etic (other people's perception of the same …

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