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Evid Based Nurs 1:24 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.1.24
  • Causation

Continuous smoking cessation was associated with weight gain

Objective

To determine the effects of continuous and point prevalence smoking cessation on weight gain, and the characteristics of people at risk of weight gain after cessation.

Design

12 month cohort study of volunteers who participated in a cognitive behavioural smoking cessation study group.

Setting

USA.

Participants

196 participants (mean age 44 years, 62% women) who completed all 8 group sessions; attended 1 month, 6 month, and 12 month follow up sessions; and met criteria for classification into 1 of 3 smoking status groups: continuously smoking (self reported smoking or carbon monoxide [CO] concentrations ≥ 10 parts per million [ppm] at each follow up) (n=118); continuously abstinent (no self reported smoking and CO concentrations < 10 ppm at each follow up) (n=51); or point prevalent abstinent (abstinent at 1 y, no self reported smoking in the past 24 hours, CO concentrations < 10 ppm, self reports of not being …

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