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Evid Based Nurs 1:13 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.1.13
  • Treatment

Daily fish improved lipid profiles in patients with type II diabetes and moderate exercise prevented the deterioration in glycaemic control

Objective

To determine whether aerobic exercise and dietary fish consumption improve serum lipid concentrations without deterioration of glycaemic control in patients with type II diabetes.

Design

8 week randomised controlled trial (factorial design).

Setting

An outpatient clinic of a hospital in Australia.

Patients

55 non-smoking patients with type II diabetes treated with diet, medication, or both, who had a fasting serum triglyceride concentration > 1.8 mmol/l or high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration < 1.0 mmol/l and body mass index < 36 kg/m2. Exclusion criteria were > 1 fish meal per week; use of fish oil supplements, insulin, or medication for lipid disorders; physically active; > 30 ml of alcohol per day; heart, liver, or renal disease; neuropathy; retinopathy; or conditions that limited exercise. 49 patients (mean age 53 y, 76% men) completed the study.

Intervention

All patients received a low …

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