Evid Based Nurs 1:12 doi:10.1136/ebn.1.1.12
  • Treatment

Injecting insulin through clothing was safe and convenient


To assess the safety and convenience of injecting insulin through clothing.


20 week randomised cross over trial.


University hospital diabetes clinic in Detroit, Michigan, USA.


50 patients who had type I or type II diabetes and had been injecting insulin for ≥ 1 year. 42 patients (84%) (mean age 41 y, 50% women, 78% type I diabetes, 50% attended ≥ 16 y formal education) with a mean duration of diabetes of 14 years completed the study.


Patients were allocated to a method of injecting insulin through clothing or to the conventional method in which the skin had to be wiped with alcohol and allowed to dry before injecting the insulin. Patients proceeded with their allocated injection method for 10 weeks and then switched to the alternate method for …

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